Kellogg-Briand - 1928


                  For a century they've talked of peace, and handed round the Prize. They praised the juicy golden fleece which Nobel's funding buys. They've made announcements without end while war has raged each year, and patted fancy rumps of friends while peace-drunk folks did cheer.
                  Hurray for Frank and Aristide, forgetting saints like Gore, who never managed their greatest deed, to bring an end to war. But oh the cheering, oh the talk, it makes hearts leap for joy, while soldiers died to walk the walk, the youngest just a boy.
                  Kellogg-Briand agreed to whit to make an end of war; this Pact of Paris was but shit, and soon would Nazis pour all over the city of shining light which sang of love and peace, and never really waged a fight, a gaggle of impotent geese.
                  "Outlaw war" had been declared and then declared again, as victims screamed and sirens blared for war still came to men. Hurray for the stuffed shirts and their talk, their treaties, stuffed with peace. For so many years they've learned with shock that warfare will not cease. Kellogg-Briand felt oh so grand, so pure, so fine, so true, but those folks had never really planned to fight for freedom's due. Declare the peace and count the cash and make the fancy speech, but reality intervenes, to smash such pacts and words they preach.

                  Fifteen nations signed the pact of peaceful Paris in that time, and shortly Paris was then attacked while the peace pact was in its prime. A legacy of ideal thought is thereby well assured, while war still rages, still is fought, and Kellogg-Briand remains absurd.   [ 1 ]    [ 2 ]



Chamberlain - 1938


Addendum of 1938:   "...hailed as bringing 'peace to Europe' after signing a non-aggression pact with Germany. PM Neville Chamberlain arrived back in the UK today, holding an agreement signed by Adolf Hitler which stated the German leader's desire never to go to war with Britain again." In "1938: 'Peace for our time' - Chamberlain," BBC, On This Day, n. d.


See:   Europe 4 all? Yea!


Steinmeier, Gabriel and Merkel - 2016


Addendum for 2016:   " 'The question of war and peace has returned to the continent,' German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier told the audience, indirectly referring to Russian military interventions. 'We had thought that peace had returned to Europe for good'." In "Europe's Convinced U.S. Won't Solve Its Problems," by Josh Rogin, Bloomberg, 13 February 2016.




[ 1 ]      "In the end, the Kellogg-Briand Pact did little to prevent World War II or any of the conflicts that followed. Its legacy remains as a statement of the idealism expressed by advocates for peace in the interwar period. Frank Kellogg earned the Nobel Peace Prize in 1929 for his work on the Peace Pact." In "Milestones: 1921-1936," U. S. Department of State, Office of the Historian.


[ 2 ]      "...the pact was signed in Paris at the French Foreign Ministry by the representatives from Australia, Belgium, Canada, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, British India, the Irish Free State, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Poland, South Africa, the United Kingdom, and the United States." From Wikipedia.

         The European Union of today was supposed to have answered in our time what the Kellogg-Briand was to have answered in its. One notes as regards the so-called Euro crisis of this time that "peace" is being disrupted again. Animosity between European "member states" is rising, as one reads:  "A peaceful protest of around 40,000 people turned violent when masked youths attacked a police barricade in parliament square." In "Anti-Merkel protests turn violent in Athens," EuroNews, 10 October 2012. 

         An additional report states:  "'We have to change direction, otherwise this is going to bring down whole political systems,' said Braulio Rodriguez, the Archbishop of Toledo. The Archbishop said the debt crisis is a symptom of a deeper malaise. The roots lie in the 'moral disarmament" of the last quarter century. A 'get-rich-quick' culture of 'stupid consumption' and 'deranged indebtment' has corrupted public life. Children have been brought up to wallow in self-gratification. 'This is common to the whole of Western Europe. It goes back to the core issues of moral philosophy, of what we are as human beings. It is here that we must search for a way out of the impasse,' he said." In "Spanish prelate fears 'mutual hatred' over euro crisis," by Ambrose Evans-Pritchard, Telegraph UK, 12 May 2013.

           On view notes that: "Europe does not know how to live with a Germany that uses the free trade zone to surge its exports while blaming Europe for being lazy and shiftless. Germany does not know how to live with a Europe that does not see that all of its problems are due to its lack of industriousness." In "Spain's Angry and Unemployed Young Men," by George Friedman, RealClearWorld, 21 May 2013.

          As with the quote above from the U. S. State Department's Office of Historian, the current version of the Kellogg-Briand Pact -- the European Union -- seems to be following an eerily similar path. " 'Anyone who believes that the eternal question of war and peace in Europe is no longer there risks being deeply mistaken. The demons have not gone away — they’re only sleeping, as the wars in Bosnia and Kosovo showed. I am chilled by the realisation of how similar circumstances in Europe in 2013 are to those of 100 years ago." A quote of Jean Claude Juncker, in "Europe's demons are only sleeping," by Jeevan Vasagar, Telegraph UK, 11 March 2013.

          " 'The European Union is the new sick man of Europe,' read the survey's opening lines. 'The effort over the past half century to create a more united Europe is now the principal casualty of the euro crisis. The European project now stands in disrepute across much of Europe'." In "Pew Study: Europeans Rapidly Losing Faith in Europe," by Gregor Peter Schmitz, Der Spiegel, 14 May 2013.



Copyright © 2010 by Gary Bachlund